Direct and Indirect Speech Exercise

1. The girl said that it gave her great pleasure to be there that evening.

2. The man said that he must go as soon as possible.

3. She said that she did not want to see any of them and asked them to go away.

4. The teacher says that if you work hard you will pass.

5. He said that he had won.

6. He proposed that they should wait for her return.

7. Alice exclaimed how clever she was.

8. The young man asked which way she had gone.

9. He asked me where I was going.

10. She requested them to wait there till she returned.

Direct and Indirect speech

Ուրիշի ուղղակի ու անուղղակի խոսք

Direct and Indirect speech

Ուրիշի ուղղակի խոսքը դա առանց փոփոխության ներկայացված նախադասությունն է հեղինակի կողմից:

Արամն ասաց. «Ես գնում եմ տուն»:

Aram said: “I am going home”.

Անուղղակի խոսքում ուրիշի խոսքը ներկայացնում ենք փոփոխված:

Արամն ասաց որը նա գնում է տուն:

Անգլերենում, եթե հեղինակի խոսքը դրված է անցյալ ժամանակով ապա նախադասության երկրորդական բայը նույնպես դրվում է անցյալ ժամանակով:

Aram said that he was going home.

Ընդհանուր հարցը անուղղակի դարձնելիս (Do you live in Erevan?) հեղինակի խոսքը երկրորդական նախադասությանը միանում է If շաղկապով:

He asked “Do you live in Erevan?”.

He asked if I lived Erevan.

Հատուկ հարցերը անուղղակի դարձնելիս հարցական (Who, where, when..) բառը դառնում է շաղկապ

Mother asked:”Where do you go?”.

Mother asked where I went.

I – he, she

We – they

Come – go

1. Samantha said, “I am going shopping today.”
Samantha said that  she was going shopping that day.

2. John said, ” I can’t play tennis next week.”
John said that  he couldn’t play tennis the following week.

3. The boys said, “We’re late for school.”
The boys said that  they were late for school.

4. The boys added, “The bus didn’t arrive on time.”
The boys added that  the bus hadn’t arrived on time

5. Mr Walmsley said, “I need a break.”
Mr Walmsley said that  he needed a break.

6. Bob said, “I haven’t been here before.”
Bob said that he hadn’t been there before.

7. The dentist said, “I have been waiting for Jack since 3 o’clock.”
The dentist said that he had been waiting for  Jack since 3 o’clock.

8. Jill rang up and said, “I can’t come because I’m busy.”
Jill rang up and said that he could’t come because he was busy.

9. Dr.Dixon said, “You have broken your leg.”
Dr.Dixon said that I had broken my leg.

10. Louise said, “I practice the piano every day.”
Louise said that  she practiced the piano every day.

11. Tom said, “I can run very fast.”
Tom said that he could run very fast.

12. Anne said, “I don’t like my little brother.”
Anne said that she didn’t like has little brother.

13. Paul said, “I’ve never been to England.”
Paul said that he had never been to England.

14. Helen said, ” I will ring you when I get home.”
Helen said that she would ring me when she got up.

15. Mandy said, “I don’t like Peter any more.”
Mandy said that she didn’t like Peter any more.

Exercise if Noun

I shut up and decided to believe her, like you do when you’re a kid. Firstly I knew that it wasn’t worth arguing with my mother. She always won. Secondly, when you’re a kid, you always believe what grown-ups tell you, no matter how stupid it is. Like Santa Claus and stuff like that. Kids always believe it, even though they know it’s stupid.

Still, I decided to go and find the King of the Pumpkins, partly because I was bored, partly because I was curious, and also – of course – because I wanted to know if my mother really was talking nonsense or not.

We walked on into the forest. The trees got taller and taller and taller. The path got narrower and narrower and narrower.
“What does he do, then, this King of the Pumpkins?” asked Mog.
“I don’t know really” I said. “I guess he just kind of is head pumpkin, boss pumpkin, he decides on pumpkin rules and pumpkin laws, and punishes people who break them.”
“Oh, I see” said Mog. He was quiet for a bit, then said,
“What kind of things are pumpkin rules then?”
“Erm, how big you can grow. What colour you have to be. Stuff like that.”
“You’re making this up, aren’t you?” asked Mog.
“Yeah,” I said.

King of the Pumpkins

“Deep in the middle of the woods”, said my mother, “is the place where the King of the Pumpkins lives.”

“But pumpkins live in fields, not in forests”, I said to my mother. She wouldn’t listen to me. “I’m telling you”, she said, “the King of the Pumpkins lives in the middle of the woods, and the woods that he lives in are the woods right next to our house, the woods you can see out of the window over there”.

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Shopping

George: I’m going out. Do you want anything?

Sally: Could you buy some stuff from the shop?

George: All right. What do you want?

Sally: Well, we haven’t got much milk.

George: How much milk do you want?

Sally: We need two bottles of milk.

George: How about strawberry jam? Have we got any jam?

Sally: Oh yes, there isn’t any jam left. We need a jar of strawberry jam. And also we’ve finished the butter. We need some butter.

George: OK. I think I‘ve finished the last beer. I’ll buy 5 or 6 bottles of beer.

Sally: OK. There’s a little oil left. Please, buy a bottle of oil.

George: No problem. Do you want to eat fish at dinner?

Sally: Ah, yes. I want you to buy four tins of fish, and also some bread. There isn’t much bread left.

George: How many loaves of bread do you want?

Sally: A loaf of brown bread is enough. Would you like some coffee after dinner?

George: Of course.

Sally: Then, buy us a bag of coffee. At last, we only have few packets of pasta. Could you buy some more pasta? You know we eat pasta almost every day.

George: OK, no problem.

Sally: One more thing. Don’t buy any nuts. We have got a lot.

George: All right!

Robot Teacher

Would you like to have a robot as a teacher?

If you think of the jobs robots could never do, you would probably put doctors and teachers at the top of the list. It’s easy to imagine robot cleaners and factory workers, but some jobs need human connection and creativity. But are we underestimating what robots can do? In some cases, they already perform better than doctors at diagnosing illness. Also, some patients might feel more comfortable sharing personal information with a machine than a person. Could there be a place for robots in education after all?